ASPIRED pilot projects with application of locally appropriate and cost effective water and energy efficiency technologies at different water use areas and fish farms in the Ararat Valley. Pilot projects are aimed at improving management of natural resources and reducing groundwater extraction levels. A related goal is to make water users more energy efficient and promote application of clean energy technologies.
DECOMMISSIONING OF THE ARTESIAN WELL IN SIPANIK VILLAGE
The ASPIRED launched a project on permanent sealing of the artesian well # 1/403 near Sipanik village, Ararat region. The well had an outflow of 35-40 liters per second, as per estimates. The casing and the upper part of the well tube was damaged. Part of the water from this self-emitting well outflowed into the drainage channel while the rest flooded the neighboring fields, bogging the area and blocking the passage to the local cemetery.
The plan on sealing involved four major phases: 1) assessment of the condition of the well casing; 2) preparation of the site to ensure access to the well for heavy machinery; 3) cleaning the well tube from rubble rubble and any debris that would create ‘pockets’ and reduce the effectiveness of sealing; 4) sealing of the well with a mix of bentonite and neat cement. After the flow has been stopped and the monitoring showed no flow on the outside of the well casing, the upper part of the well (3-4m) was filled with monolith concrete.
This method of well conservation is widely practiced in various countries including United States. Based on the estimated water flow data, the annual saving of artesian groundwater resources as a result of the well sealing will be equal to 1.1 million cubic meters.
IRRIGATION REHABILITATION PROJECT IN HAYANIST
In 2016, the ASPIRED Project in collaboration with Coca-Cola Hellenic Armenia and ERGIS NGO implemented the irrigation system rehabilitation project in Hayanist village, Ararat Marz, targeted to provide more affordable irrigation services via more efficient groundwater use. The essence of the project is to use the outlet water from the fishery near Hayanist community for irrigation of 40 ha of community land. The new pumping station was built at the outlet section of the fishery and the new irrigation network was installed with the use of polyethylene pipes.
Direct human and environmental impact of the project:
- Number of beneficiaries: 370 people from 120 households
- No additional water will be taken from the groundwater aquifers
- Saving of strategic groundwater resources: 1,100,000 m3 annually;
- Saving of electricity on pumping: 24,000 kWh annually;
- Prevention of degradation of soil: 40 ha