CLOSURE OF SELF-EMITTING WELL IN ARARAT VALLEY TO HELP SAVE GROUNDWATER RESOURCES

On November 3, USAID and local partners marked the successful completion of a project that supported the permanent sealing of a self-flowing well near Sipanik village, Ararat marz. USAID Armenia Mission Director, Deborah Grieser; Armenia’s First Deputy Minister of Nature Protection, Erik Grigoryan; representatives of the regional government, local residents and mayors of neighboring villages were in attendance at the event.

In 2016, the USAID funded Advanced Science and Partnerships for Integrated Resource Development (ASPIRED) project conducted an inventory of groundwater wells, natural springs and fish farms, revealing 135 non-operational groundwater wells across the Ararat Valley, Armenia’s key agricultural hub. The total annual discharge from these unused wells is estimated to be around 35 million cubic meters of water. As a result, high quality groundwater is simply wasted, while the ecological imbalance of groundwater aquifers is increasing dramatically.

The permanent closure of the well in Sipanik was initiated at the request of the community mayor, Hrant Gevorgyan, based on the recommendation of the Ministry of Nature Protection. Never used by the community, the water from this self-emitting well flooded the village neighborhood, causing water-logging of the fields. With a water discharge of about 60 liters per second, about 1.9 million cubic meters of water will now be saved each year thanks to the well’s proper closure.

The project in Sipanik was implemented by the USAID ASPIRED project as part of the technical assistance to the Armenian government to address groundwater challenges in the Ararat Valley. Among its activities, ASPIRED demonstrates the use of innovative technologies and approaches to groundwater and energy saving via pilot projects in the Valley.

Sealing of non-operational artesian wells has an enormous potential to help conserve groundwater resources in the Ararat Valley. At the same time, optimization of these wells will provide opportunities for a more efficient use of groundwater for agricultural and household needs.

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